Abstracts numero 2020/2

Articles varia

  • - Le canon, contingence et provocation. En dialogue avec Hans-Christoph Askani
  • The canon, contingence and provocation. A dialogue with Hans-Christoph Askani

    The canon is underestimated today. To the advantage of what, historically, precedes it. Though there is no tradition without canon, and no canon without a tradition preceding it and answering for it, even in criticism. Every canon is inscribed in a history and opens up a perspective, but the contemporary doxa tends to refute the moment. This is illustrated by the fact that, without specific reflection, the Old Testament is replaced by the Hebrew Bible, two symbolically and theologically different collections, or the Old and New Testament by First and Second, a process that can only cause great theological change, often unnoticed. After explaining his agreement with what Hans-Christoph Askani advances about the canon, Pierre Gisel differs in his reference to Christ and to the text.

  • - Les enjeux du canon. Réponse à Pierre Gisel
  • The issue of the canon. Reply to Pierre Gisel

    The canon is an alien phenomenon. In Christian theology, however, it has played a central role for centuries and even millennia. Can we think of this phenomenon without resorting, in a fundamentalist way, to absolute authority? Hans-Christoph Askani and Pierre Gisel think so. As to how to do this, there are differences between the two theologians, which become apparent in the back and forth of their exchange. These differences concern in particular the understanding of revelation and the conception of the relationship between word and text. They also concern the status of Jesus-Christ within Christian theology.


  • - Pour poursuivre. Apostille
  • To continue. Apostille

    Continuing the dialogue with Hans-Christoph Askani, Pierre Gisel tries to clarify a misunderstanding on the question of relationship between Judaism and Christianity, then briefly identifying the main point of discord: the status of Jesus-Christ, linked to the problem word/text.


  • - John D. Caputo. De la théologie comme herméneutique radicale
  • John D. Caputo. Theology as radical hermeneutics

    Studying the theological works of John D. Caputo, this article investigates the way in which his hermeneutics inspired by deconstruction affects, notably concerning the cross, what one usually refers to while talking about « God ». Firstly, God’s power is put into question, in favour of a weak strength. God’s being also fades and is superseded by an event, the calling resonating under the name of God. And finally, the name itself is too strong, but it does not prevent Caputo from developing an original theological outlook, whose boundaries with deconstruction tend to blur.

  • - Le « manque » au cœur du judaïsme biblique, et la réaction du premier christianisme
  • Lack in biblical Judaism, and the reaction of early Christianity

    The identity of ancient Judaism witnessed by the Hebrew Bible is signified by a symbolic device structured by various signs of lack. Circumcision inscribes it in the flesh of men (Gen 17), the Sabbath rest in the organization of time (Ex 31,13-17), the Temple in the arrangement of space (Num 1-2), the tribe of Levi in the whole people (Num 3,11-13) and the rules of food in daily life (Lev 11). Essential in the Torah, this coherent system of identity markers will not survive in early Christianity as witnessed by the canonical writings of the New Testament.

  • - La Tradition sans l’exclusion Richard Simon, Bossuet et le socinianisme face aux critères de l’authenticité
  • Tradition without exclusion. Richard Simon, Bossuet and Socinianism in the face of authenticity criteria

    In the XVIIth century, Richard Simon blamed the Roman Catholic Church for not following, according to the Tradition, the rule of Vincent of Lérins prohibiting all doctrinal innovation. By adopting Augustin’s own opinions, the Church has deviated from the constant Tradition of the Elders. But who to follow when two opposing parties of equal importance each find arguments in the Scriptures and the Tradition? This article shows that as opposed to the tenet of Bossuet, Richard Simon is not, on Trinitarian questions, an ally of the Socinians, but he tends rather to promote an indiscriminate Tradition, without exclusion.

  • - Le paradoxe de la conscience chez Pierre Bayle
  • The paradox of the conscience in Pierre Bayle

    The freedom of conscience sways in Pierre Bayle. On one hand, we have the minimal idea that « the rights of the conscience are directly those of God Himself », that the dictamen of the conscience no more belongs to us than the colour of our eyes. The conscience is here protected from intervention by a veil of ignorance and impotence, born of a heterodox reading of predestination. On the other, we have the idea that everything is open to discussion, in a utopia of rebellious society and free tolerance, without law nor State. The Republic of Letters « is an extremely free state. Where only truth and reason is recognized, and where under their auspices war is made on anyone ». How can these two aspects go together? Bayle’s paradoxes lie in his constant manner of showing the plausible coherence of different points of view, which are so many essays of self in a process of plural subjectivation.

  • - « Un Dieu perdu… » Enquête sur un thème pascalien
  • « A lost God… » Study on a Pascalian theme

    If Pascal often speaks of a hidden God, he also evokes, in a very paradoxical way, a lost God. This subversive expression enters into dialogue with the theme of the death of God exposed by Nietzsche in The Gay Science. The leitmotif of loss, which runs through the universe of the Pensées, thus concerns not only a sinful humanity in perdition (a theme dear to the entire Augustinian tradition) but a God who loses himself in the person of the Crucified One, as if he were giving up being God. On the anthropological as well as the theological level, the theme of loss enlivens the dynamism of faith, suggesting an atypical configuration of the Christian mystery.


  • - La théologie spirituelle de Thomas Müntzer. Contre l’interprétation immanentiste de Friedrich Engels
  • The spiritual theology of Thomas Müntzer. Against the immanentistic interpretation of Friedrich Engels

    The major part of the Theological and Political Writings of Thomas Müntzer were compiled in the summer and fall of 1524, a period of great tension and risk. The immanentistic interpretation made by Friedrich Engels (1850) and by the historians who inspired him, does not actually match the Writings of Thomas Müntzer and moreover perverts their essential religious disposition. Thomas Müntzer harshly condemns all those clerics – papists or Lutherans – who have deprived the people of the Holy Bible, leaving them in a condition of extreme material and spiritual misery. The true knowledge of God is achieved when we experience suffering and trials like Jesus-Christ’s, a condition which is the realization of God as present immediately to our spirit.


Notules et Péricopes

  • - Du phore
  • Phoria

    This short article studies from a philological point of view, the construction of the name Moses in the Exodus, largely considered theophoric.

Notes et chroniques

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