- MOLTMANN Jürgen - Le futur de la théologie
After clarifying the situation of the theology which is developing at the crossroads of the Church, politics and the University, the author sets out what he considers to be the major challenges it faces today. Theology must take note of the death of the gods of death (race, country, capitalism) and promote the God of life. To succeed, theology must be at the same time ecological, pneumatological and eschatological
- LAVIGNOTTE Stéphane - La théologie politique de Georges Casalis. Qui saisit qui ? (Avant-propos)
- VIDAL Gilles - Les notes d’occupation de Georges Casalis ou l’occupé occupant (novembre 1945-janvier 1946)
- ENCREVÉ Pierre - Le Barth de mon Casalis, années 1960-1970
- LAVIGNOTTE Stéphane - Le monde dans la théologie. Les engagements de Georges Casalis à la lumière de sa co-rédaction en chef de « Christianisme social », 1965-1970
- BAUBÉROT Jean - Georges Casalis et le document « Église et pouvoirs » (1971) de la Fédération protestante de France
- MOTTU Henry - Le barthisme de Georges Casalis, une interprétation missionnaire
- CASALIS Olivier - Georges Casalis. D’un Papa au Père, et au-delà…
- HAERINGER Anne-Sophie - Penser devant ceux qui se savent en sursis. Éthique et politique de la fragilité des vies
- - Annexe, Georges Casalis : chronologie et bibliographie
From November 1945 to January 1946, Georges Casalis was on duty in Baden-Baden as an assistant Protestant chaplain at the headquarters of the French Forces in Germany. During this period, he records his impressions day by day as soon as he crosses the Rhine. This article is the critical edition of these hitherto unpublished notes which have been cross-referenced with the correspondence their author maintains with his wife Dorothée, who remained in France, and with his father-in-law pastor in Basel Eduard Thurneysen. Rich in contacts between the French pastor and members of a German Protestant Church needing to be completely rebuilt, this diary also testifies to the obvious psychological difficulty of passing so suddenly from the status of occupied to that of occupier. The Georges Casalis presented here offers an image perhaps less known than that of the determined political theologian of the Nicaraguan years, even if the concern for a dialogue and a reconciliation of peoples plays a constant role in the biography of this essential figure of contemporary French Protestant theology.
The author draws up the different facets of Karl Barth in the thought of Georges Casalis as encountered in his own relationship with the latter. The first is that of the texts of the 1930s and then of Church Dogmatics. Then, the political Karl Barth, engaged in dialogue with the communists and the Czechoslovak theologian Josef Hromádka. This proximity leads Casalis to break with Barth following the Six-Day War between Israel and the Arab countries. The last Barth is like the first: the “red pastor” of Safenwil.
This article focuses on the activity of the French Protestant theologian Georges Casalis as co-editor of the French journal Christianisme social (Social Christianity) in the turbulent period between 1965 and 1970. The journal reflected the conflicts of the times on issues such as relations with Eastern Europe, Christian-Marxist dialogue, the new impulses coming from the revolutionary movements in the South, and the events of May 1968.
Shortly after the troubles of « May 1968 », the French Protestant Federation entrusted a Commission with drafting a Working Paper to redefine church relationships with the holders of economic and political power. The author tells how a member of the Commission, professor at the Faculté de théologie protestante of Paris, Georges Casalis imposes his own “revolutionary view” over a “reformist” option, and a radical critique of then current practices of French Protestants. This approach gives this paper Église et pouvoirs (Church and Power, 1971) a strong impact both nationally and globally. Charisma has prevailed over institution.
This article shows that the Barthism of Georges Casalis is rooted in the missionary pietism of Christoph Blumhardt junior (1842-1919), notably in his letters to his son-in-law Richard Wilhelm, a missionary in China. These letters had been introduced and translated by Jean-Louis Klein and Georges Casalis, attesting to his allegiance to an eschatological and militant Barthism. This passage through Blumhardt’s pietism clarifies the “missionary” reading that Georges Casalis made of Karl Barth’s work.
The author evokes in this text the man of the Word, pastor and committed theologian, with his convictions, his excesses and his faults, that was his father as he lived and received him as a son, provoking submission and revolt, then seeking, especially through psychoanalysis, a subjective inscription in this filiation, and a mutual recognition opening the field of possibilities through, among other things, the fact of becoming a father in turn.
Based on some of Georges Casalis work, this article highlights three ways of relating to the vulnerability of our existence. The first one develops a policy of suffering, which exhorts us to convert personal suffering and sterile sideration into a political springboard thanks to the confession of a victorious God against death. The second one notes that this reading, while politically and morally demanding, is inseparable from the darker and more negative experience of the fact that our lives are always in reprieve. The third one goes beyond the first two, while suggesting a non-eschatological understanding of the meaning of life, which leaves space for rest and contemplation rather than action.
Notes et chroniques
- JAFFE Dan - Les discours théologiques des chrétiens ont-ils eu une influence sur les Rabbis du Talmud ? Nouvelles perspectives sur les « minim »/hérétiques
- PITHON Gérard - La recherche de sens pour s’orienter : une quête spirituelle ?