- DI PEDE Elena - Lorsque Jérémie joue les faux prophètes : la tentation des Récabites (Jr 35) comme réflexion sur la vraie et la fausse prophétie
- BAUER Olivier - Médiations théologiques de quelque chose ou de quelqu’un comme « Dieu »
Chapter 35 of the book of Jeremiah tells a curious anecdote about the Recabites, a marginal and probably not Israelite tribe, that the prophet brings to the Temple to drink wine. This strange story is actually a lesson in disobedience to a command that comes not from a prophet but a false prophet. The author shows how Jeremiah, by the way in which he relates this episode, succeeds in bringing home the point of the lesson to both the intradiegetic and extradiegetic addressee.
In an effort to lend an epistemological framework to his practical theology, Olivier Bauer takes sensorial perception as a starting point, as this enables man to apprehend theological mediation. In a constructivist prospect, he considers that all perception and mediation is the work of the human hand, mouth, eyes or skin, but because it seems to prevail upon its creator. The author suggests expanding practical theology on two axes, on artifacts and practices, and on sensorial perception.
- GISEL Pierre - Avant-propos. Christianisme et modernité
- JAFFE Dan - Jésus dans le monde juif de son temps. Réflexions autour de L’Essence du christianisme d’Adolf von Harnack
- ZUMSTEIN Jean - Le problème de l’antijudaïsme en exégèse du Nouveau Testament à l’exemple d’Adolf von Harnack
- TETAZ Jean-Marc - Le protestantisme libéral de l’Empire wilhelminien : un antijudaïsme théologique ?
- WELLHAUSEN Julius - Un mot d’adieu par Hermann Cohen
- COHEN Hermann - Un mot d’adieu
This article studies the famous book of Adolf von Harnack on The Essence of Christianity written more than a century ago. Its objective is to bring out the most crucial aspects developed by the author and to understand the intentions and the ideological lines of Harnack. This book, which has marked its era and even beyond, is tinged with anti-Semitism ideology enveloped in obvious theological notions. His approach influenced the Germanic world and the liberal Protestantism from which Harnack comes.
The book The Essence of Christianity by Harnack raises the problem of anti-Judaism in exegesis. To address this problem properly, we must not fall into the trap of anachronism, but define precisely the notion of anti-Judaism and indicate the reasons which led Harnack to commit this tragic error of judgment. But simultaneously, it is necessary to identify the fundamental question that is at the origin of the separation between Judaism and Christianity – the question of monotheism.
Having laid out the terms of the debate, the author studies the way in which three representatives of German liberal protestantism present the judaism of the Second Temple : Emil Schürer, Julius Wellhausen and Wilhelm Bousset. Within the framework of historicism normative and axiological issues can only be treated by historical account. Studying these three authors enables a definition of theological anti-Judaism and its theological premise in the case of liberal protestantism.
Notules et Péricopes
- KIPASA MAYIFULU Patrick - À rusé, rusé et demi. La contre-ruse de Putiphar en Genèse 39,19-21
In Genesis 39, Potiphar’s wife uses a sophisticated ruse to force her husband to condemn Joseph. Potiphar must demonstrate his good faith, since she has almost explicitly accused him of complicity in the case. Apparently, the trick works : Joseph is imprisoned and the woman is cleared. But paying attention to different elements of the story, it can be argued that the woman’s trick actually failed. When in anger, Potiphar sends Joseph to prison, he is also using ruse. Indeed, he tricks everyone into believing that the “culprit” has received the punishment he deserves, while it is actually a way to protect Joseph.
Position de thèse
- RANDRIAMANANTENA Mino - Le néocriticisme d’Henri Bois
Henri Bois thinks French neocriticism, a heretical interpretation of Kant, is in fact the foundation of a theological renewal of French protestantism. He redefines the Kantian time as a category of reason in the form of the spirit, and not spacialised in the form of sensitivity. He insists on the importance of the role played by the conscience and belief in the theory of knowledge. The God encountered in the religious experience is anthropomorphous, limit knowable. Bois puts great importance on « religious psychology », on God’s temporality and the historicity of his action, but also on the fundamental part belief plays in religious experience.