Abstracts numero 2010/4

Articles varia

  • - « Abram crut en Yahvé, qui le lui compta comme justice »
  • In Gen. 15 :1-6, Abraham is presented as an anticipation of David. His faith in his descendants echoes Ahaz’s lack of faith in the « House of David » in Isa. 7. Bernard Gosse points that Abraham’s faith is directly concerned with the question of his descent and eventually is as a response to Isa. 63:16. The interpretation of Gen. 15:6 in Rom. 4 is in continuity with the same question.

  • - Dieu des vengeances, resplendis ! Prier la violence ? Une lecture du Psaume 94
  • How does prayer relate to violence? Ionel Ababi’s reading of Psalm 94 is an attempt to answer this question. Thematic and lexical elements lead him to consider the psalm as a concentric layout whose core would be vv. 8-15, preceded by the description of the unfair situation of the community (vv. 3-7) and followed by the Psalmist’s own experience (vv. 16-21). These three segments are themselves framed by an opening (vv. 1-2) and a finale (vv. 22-23) starting with the Paslmist’s urgent claim to the « God to whom vengeance belongeth », ending with the fulfilling of the prayer, « the Lord our God shall cut [the wicked] off ». The God invoked by the Psalmist is the one who reinstates justice in a world of violence, and therefore such a prayer is legitimate when injustice succeeds.

  • - Jacob a gagné toute la bénédiction. Esaü n’a rien perdu. Respect et séparation, un autre modèle de fraternité (Gn 33, 1-17)
  • Have Jacob and Esau ever buried the hatchet? Just after their moving reencounter, they part again to follow their own way. Does this mean that their conflict as rivals goes on? Reading this episode (Gen. 33:1-17) in the context of the whole of Jacob’s narrative, Lévi Ngangura Manyanya argues that the violent discord which should have led to a bloody confrontation is actually resolved through compromise, bargaining and cunning: in some circumstances separation allied to respect can guarantee peace between relatives or neighbours.

  • - Rm 12, 1-2. Une intrigue discursive. De l’offrande des membres à l’offrande des corps
  • There was a time when chapters 12-15 of the Letter to the Romans were viewed as a separate section of the letter. Romans 1-11 made up the doctrinal section, the parenetic section being introduced in chapter 12. (Some authors even held that Romans 12-15 were not part of the letter!) Danielle Jodoin shows that some discursive clues hint at considering Rom. 12:1-2 as the result of a plot that has been unfolding throughout the entire letter. Indeed, « body », worship », « intelligence », discernment », and « will », which were presented negatively in Rom. 1-2, receive a positive treatment in Rom. 11:1-2. This complete change is made possible because of the various clues which develop the fabric of this plot. It is the salvation offered to all in Rom. 3:21-26 that makes the metamorphosis possible: « members » and « body » are transformed (Rom. 6-7) – a movement takes place such as « members » are no longer subjected to sin but belong to justice. The body, first broken into various members, undergoes a process of reuniting the person (individual level). « Members » gather together into a single body (communal level). The wholeness offering of the « members » thus leads to the offering of the « bodies » in their entirety in a living and holy sacrifice (Rom. 12:1-2) and promotes the communion by making believers « members » and « body » of Christ (Rom. 12:4-5).

  • - Henri Bois, porte-parole du néocriticisme au sein du protestantisme français ?
  • In 1892, as the Reformed theologian Henry Bois is called to a new position at the Divinity school of Montauban, he receives a letter of congratulation from the neocriticist philosopher François Pillon. Along with the text of this hitherto unpublished letter, which highlights the reception of neocriticism in French Reformed theology at the end of the 19th century, Mino Randriamanantena produces a short biography of Henry Bois as well as some comments about his theology.

  • - Le pasteur. Témoin de la vérité ?
  • The pastor’s work and calling entail manifold challenges. What is the basis of this work? What is the meaning of this calling? To address these questions, Hans-Christoph Askani investigates into the concept of « witnessing ».

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