- ZUMSTEIN Jean - Paul et la théologie de la croix
- BAUBÉROT Jean - Protestantisme, laïcité et annonce du Salut
Within early christianity, Paul of Tarsus is a representative of the kerygmatic tradition, in which Christ’s death and resurrection are viewed as the central event of salvation. In this sense he adopts the traditional interpretations of Jesus’ death. However, he also reverses traditional hermeneutics by suggesting a new reading of Christ’s death, called « theology of the cross ». This innovative interpretation considers the cross as the exclusive locus of God’s revelation, of his judgement and salvation. This way of interpreting forms the structural backbone of Pauline theology.
In this study, Jean Baubérot analyzes at first, as a historian and a sociologist, the participation of Protestants in the establishment of laïcity in France. From the two key-examples of the creation of the école laïque (state school) and the separation of Churches and the State, he shows that laïcity wanted by French Protestants was different from the one that became historically true. Indeed, the secularism of the school was more radical than that wanted by the liberal Protestants and the laïcity of the State was more moderated than that advocated by the evangelic Protestants. In a last part, Jean Baubérot deals, as a Protestant, with the connections between laïcity and the announcement of salvation. He gives four indicators which draw a possible Protestant attitude towards laïcity.
- WÉNIN André - Les « sacrifices » d’Abraham et d’Anne. Regards croisés sur l’offrande du fils
- BAUKS Michaela - L’enjeu théologique du sacrifice d’enfants dans le milieu biblique et son dépassement en Genèse 22
- BOST Hubert - La mise en scène genevoise d’Abraham sacrifiant
- CAUSSE Jean-Daniel - Le jour où Abraham céda sur sa foi. Lecture psycho-antropologique de Genèse 22
The commentators have not really explored the links that unite the story of Samuel’s offering in 1 S 1/1-2/21 and the famous page of Gn 22/1-19 where Abraham offers his son on the mountain. After having proposed a new key to the reading of the story of the aqéda, André Wénin tries to show that such links exist at diverse levels. Not only around the situation of the characters and the narrative motifs, but also around the anthropological and theological issues, an interplay develops between the two stories and moves us to ask about its significance.
This article suggests that the crucial point of the story of Gn 22 is the fact that on the one hand Abraham is faced with the command to sacrifice his son, and that on the other hand the son is the object of the promesse announced to Abraham. This dilemma can be dissolved by understanding the command to sacrifice the son on the base of God’s Being different in relation to his creature. Thus, the religious practice of child sacrifice is the most dramatic expression of the dependance of human being to his creator.
The tragedy Abraham sacrifiant by Theodore de Beze, the biblical commentary and the sermons written by John Calvin on Genesis 22, enhance how important the theme of Abraham sacrifying is in the history of the Reformation in Geneva. Abraham stands for the believer whom everyone is invited to refer as one’s model. H. Bost sets a new reading of these texts and shows how Abraham’s faith, obedience and assent are the values that the genevan stage meant to stress and even dramatize.
The biblical story of the binding of Isaac raises a question about the meaning of the paternal function. On the basis of the brief seminar of the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan about the Names of the Father and of his interpretation of the figure of Abraham in Genesis 22, Jean-Daniel Causse points out the anthropological and theological issues of a symbolical fatherhood that structures an alliance only by the link of the word. He shows notably the ongoing interest of Abraham who must consecrate ritually the death of an archaic figure, which is both ancestor and god, in order that his own fatherhood not dominate Isaac but offer a new history to a son promised to the future.
Notes et chroniques
- CUVILLIER Élian - Chronique matthéenne VI : « L’un de ces plus petits de mes frères… » (Mt 25/40)
- LIENHARD Fritz - Méthode et oecuménisme. A propos d’un livre récent